African immigrants to Europe are those who live in or who are born in Africa, who immigrate to Europe. Although immigration from Africa to Europe has increased substantially in recent decades, it is not a recent phenomenon.
Some white British men have a Y chromosome haplogroup originating from sub Saharan African males.
Since the 1960s, the main source countries of migration from Africa to Europe have been Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, resulting in large diasporas with origins in these countries by the end of the 20th century. In the period following the 1973 oil crisis, immigration controls in European states were tightened, but the effect of this was not to reduce migration from North Africa but rather than encourage permanent settlement of previously temporary migrants, and associated family migration. Much of this migration was from the Maghreb to France, The Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. From the second half of the 1980s, the destination countries for migrants from the Maghreb broadened to include Spain and Italy, as a result of increased demand for low-skilled labour in those countries.
Mali's decision to withdraw from a WestAfrican anti-jihadist force and regional grouping known ... Thousands of civilians and soldiers have died, and hundreds of thousands have fled their homes, despite the presence of French, European and African forces, as well as UN peacekeepers.
In recent months, reports have regularly appeared in the media suggesting that the countries of the EuropeanUnion are going to replace Russian gas with energy from African states ...There is even more hype around African gas than American or QatariLNG, which seem to be more obvious substitutes ... African gas exporters are divisible into two categories.
This is not an African phenomenon ... Indeed, Africa is partnering with the EuropeanUnion in the proliferation of securitised borders. The union's coast guard agency Frontex is working with West African states to construct European borders on African soil. ... Today, one in every 76 Africans is a refugee.