African immigrants to Europe are those who live in or who are born in Africa, who immigrate to Europe. Although immigration from Africa to Europe has increased substantially in recent decades, it is not a recent phenomenon.
Some white British men have a Y chromosome haplogroup originating from sub Saharan African males.
Since the 1960s, the main source countries of migration from Africa to Europe have been Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia, resulting in large diasporas with origins in these countries by the end of the 20th century. In the period following the 1973 oil crisis, immigration controls in European states were tightened, but the effect of this was not to reduce migration from North Africa but rather than encourage permanent settlement of previously temporary migrants, and associated family migration. Much of this migration was from the Maghreb to France, The Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. From the second half of the 1980s, the destination countries for migrants from the Maghreb broadened to include Spain and Italy, as a result of increased demand for low-skilled labour in those countries.
The people against critical race theory act as if when the Europeans first came to America there were no Native Americans here and that slavery was a good thing for the Africans who were brought to America ... If the Native Americans would have known their fate, they would have wiped out every European that landed on America.
I sat down to write this column on a day when everything was calling to me to go outside. The miserable hot humid weather was gone, the sky was clear, the temperature was refreshingly cool, and everything looked crisp and clean ... Teasels are European and African in origin, having been brought here as ornamentals or for the textile industry ... .
One says that European racism predisposed American colonists to treat these Africans as slaves ...Early colonial laws had no provisions distinguishing African from European servants, until those laws began to change toward the middle of the 17th century, when Africans became subject to more brutal treatment than any other group.
Sub-Saharan migrants fleeing poverty or violence regularly attempt to force their way over the 12-kilometer-long border in Melilla and in Spain's other enclave in the northern African coast, Ceuta, as a stepping stone to reach the European continent.
This poses a significant question for European countries, which have benefited greatly from wealth stolen in the colonial era ... According to a French report drafted by Felwine Sarr and Bénédicte Savoy in 2018, more than 90pc of the most prominent sub-Saharan African pieces of art are currently outside of the continent.
We built on a proven method that was already in use in the UK and several European countries, adapting it to the whole of the African continent ... We took into account cross-border flow of goods and commerce, since for landlocked African countries, this is their lifeline for goods and services.